Explain Plato’s Utopian vision for a just society-beneficial or harmful effects 

Explain Plato’s Utopian vision for a just society. In your view, what would be some of the beneficial or harmful effects of a society based solely on merit, as Plato proposed?

Explain Plato’s Utopian vision for a just society-beneficial or harmful effects

Firstly, explain Plato’s Utopian vision for a just society.

Secondly, In your view, what would be some of the beneficial or harmful effects of a society based solely on merit, as Plato proposed?

Thirdly, to determine citizens’ aptitudes and talents, Plato favoured testing them while they are young.

Fourthly, Is it possible to discover the best career for someone this way?

Further, what about people who discover or develop their true talents later in life? Is Plato too optimistic about the ease of discovering a person’s true calling?

Additionally, don’t we reward athletes, doctors, lawyers, and business executives according to their merit and not by democratic vote? Should our leaders be chose the same way, as Plato suggests? Why or why not?

Respond to the Philosophy Now exercise questions on page 363 concerning “Merit or Equality: Who Gets to Live?”

Finally, Hobbes believes that there is no such thing as justice until the Leviathan is establish ed. This means that justice does not exist independently of an authority to define and enforce it. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.

More details;

What is Plato’s idea of a just state?
He argues that a society will decay and pass through each government in succession, eventually becoming a tyranny, the most unjust regime of all. The starting point is an imagined, alternate aristocracy (ruled by a philosopher-king); a just government dominated by the wisdom-loving element.

What are the three classes of society according to Plato?

Guardian – Plato divides his just society into three classes: the producers, the auxiliaries, and the guardians. The guardians are responsible for ruling the city. They are chosen from among the ranks of the auxiliaries, and are also known as philosopher-kings.

 

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