In a fictitious future Catalonia has declared its independence from Spain

Practical case: An agreement over independence. In a fictitious future Catalonia has declared its independence from Spain. A binding referendum was held, which means that secession took place democratically and in accordance with international law.

In a fictitious future Catalonia has declared its independence from Spain

INTRO
In a fictitious future Catalonia has declared its independence from Spain. A binding referendum was held, which means that secession took place democratically and in accordance with international law.
The Catalan government must now start negotiations with Spain and the European Union in order to settle an agreement that recognizes the new state and opens the door to Catalonia’s eventual membership to the EU.
As a member state of the EU, Spain is not obliged to conduct bilateral negotiations with Catalonia, but it is a possibility. In this case, both parties agree to maintain direct conversations before or in parallel to the talks with the EU.

ROLE

Each group is free to choose one party among the three possible: Catalonia, Spain, or the EU. Once decided what role your group plays, your task will be to perform as a diplomat within a negotiations committee.

MISSION

Every group will produce a document outlining a proposal for pre-negotiations. It should look like an official paper issued by diplomatic experts.
The initial situation is defined by Spain’s intention of not recognizing Catalonia as a state and blocking its entry to the EU. The Catalan government’s aim is the complete opposite. As for the EU, no official position has been yet adopted.

CONTENT

Here are the main points that must be covered by you proposal:
Firstly,  Background: a brief account on the political and diplomatic situation.
Secondly, Preconditions: requirements to start negotiating.
Thirdly, Redlines: topics deliberately left out of the conversations.
Fourthly, Agenda: issues that will be discussed.
Further, Procedure: format of negotiation and composition of delegations.
Also, Venue: location where the talks will take place.
Additionally, Calendar: date of commencement and possible deadline.

HELP

Documents on-line that you might find useful include the actual ‘Declaration of independence’ issued by the Parliament of Catalonia on 10 October 2017 and the guide ‘Scotland’s future’, produced by the Scottish government prior to the 2014 referendum.
The Scottish case is the closest real-life situation to this assignment’s purpose .

Diplomacy | ECLS Campus Madrid
An agreement over independence

ADVICE

Get familiar with the EU’s terminology ―for example, the phases to acquire formal membership: association, application, and accession― in order to use it properly.
Avoid expressing your own political ideas. Put on the shoes of the party that your group represents.
Keep things simple. After all, your proposal is only the starting point. Pre-negotiation is not the moment to detail every issue in depth or reveal your ‘cards’.

GUIDANCE

Remember that you can ask for guidance at any step of the task by reaching out to me by e-mail. It would be preferable if every group has just one spokesperson, but it is not mandatory.

IMPORTANT

LASTLY, Create a PDF document with your assignment (for content protection) and upload it onto Turnitin. Check out the similarity report.
Each group should upload just one document.
Word count: 1,500 for each group member

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