Please define Voluntary and Involuntary Migrants

Please define Voluntary and Involuntary Migrants.  Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the phenomena (actions and events) of both.

Please define Voluntary and Involuntary Migrants

Discussion Questions Chapters 6 – 10 If you are not able to complete the local culture project due to stay-at-home order, please complete this assignment as an alternative.  Please read the lecture notes and the relevant part of each chapter and then choose one or two questions from the following list for each chapter and respond to the question(s) in a minimum of 500 words.  Please use Times New Roman size 12 and double space for your submission.

Chapter 6

1.      Please define Voluntary and Involuntary Migrants.  Also, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the phenomena (actions and events) of both.

2.      Please define Nativist Movements and Xenophobia.  Further, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the phenomena (actions and events) of both.

3. Please define Push-Pull Theory and World System Theory.  Additionally, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the phenomena (actions and events) of both.

4.      Please define U-curve model of adaptation and W-curve model of adaptation.  Moreover, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the phenomena (actions and events) of both.

5.      Please define migrant networks and social capital.  Lastly, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the phenomena (actions and events) of both.

Chapter 7

1.      To study the relationship among media, popular culture and globalization, please look at how American popular culture (through media) generates profit, produces social norms, creates social identities, maintains social boundaries and produces a sense of belonging or enables social change and resistance.  Also, Please use your own experiences to explain your understanding.

2.      Please define Cultural Industry. Additionally, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the functions and the impacts of the cultural industry.

3.      Please define Cultural Corruption and Cultural Homogenization.  Furthermore, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the functions and the impacts of the cultural corruption and cultural homogenization.

4.      Please define (Cultural) Fragmegration – this is a term coined from fragmentation and integration.  Also, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of the functions and the impacts of cultural fragmegration.

5.      Please define the Dominant, Negotiated, or Oppositional reading of a popular cultural product (text).  Moreover, Please use a product of popular culture such as the movie Frozen (or any current cultural product of your choice) to explain the three approaches.

Chapter 8

1.      Please take a look at Capitalism 101.  Additionally, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of US as a society of capitalism.

2.      Please define Consumer Culture and Commodification of Culture.  Moreover, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of consumer culture and commodification of culture.

3.      Please explain the significance of intercultural communication in tourism from your own experiences of visiting different cultures, regional, national, or international.

4.      Please define Spectacle and Sign Value. Also, Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, historically, currently or personally, of spectacle and sign value.

5.      Please define Fetishization.  Lastly, What steps are you going to take to be a socially and culturally responsible consumers?

Chapter 9

1.      Please define conflicts.  Additionally, Please examine some current intercultural conflicts and discuss their possible solutions.  If you do not see solutions, please discuss how to tolerate and live with such conflicts.

2.      Please look at intercultural conflicts in Micro Frame (interpersonal or person to person).  Moreover, Please explain your observation or experiences, currently or personally, of intercultural conflicts in its micro frame (e.g. your boyfriend or girlfriend is from another cultural community and your family does not like your love choice).

3.      Please look at intercultural conflicts in Meso Frame (group to group or community to community).  Please also explain your observation or experiences, currently or personally, of intercultural conflicts in its meso frame.

4.      Please look at intercultural conflicts in Macro Frame (country to country or region to region – e.g. Europe to North America).  Please explain your reading, observation or experiences, currently or personally, of intercultural conflicts in its macro frame.

5.      Please take a look at oppositional metaphors such as “us vs. them”, “good vs. evil”, and “civil vs. barbaric”.  Please explain how oppositional metaphors cause conflicts or escalate conflict.  Please support your explanation with historical, current, or personal examples.

Chapter 10

1.      Firstly, Please define global citizenship and discuss how you plan to develop your global citizenship or to become a competent intercultural communicator.

2.      Please define Inquiry (also in Chapter 1) and discuss how you plan to engage intercultural inquiry.

3.      Please define Framing and Positioning (also in Chapter 1) and review your own cultural roots (your cultural DNA) and how your cultural roots shape who you are culturally.

4.    Furthermore, Please define Dialogue and Reflection and review your cultural routes (your cultural encounters) and how your cultural routes influence or impact your cultural identity.

5.     Finally, Please define Action and discuss how you plan to take action in intercultural communication.

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