Short Answer Questions

Answer the following questions….

  1.  WWI is described as a “Total War.”  What does this mean?

  2. Choose one of the major political, economic or social problems facing post-war Europe to discuss.  How did governments attempt to address this problem?

  3. “Fascism on the March in Italy”.  What is fascism, and how did it operate in post-war Italy?

  4. If you like, you could consider one of the following questions in your reflection: How do these poems reflect the realities of trench warfare?  Although they fought on opposite sides, what experiences did Franke and Sassoon share?

  5.  “Totalitarian Triumph” (pages 712-717) explores the rise of totalitarian governments in two European countries: The USSR and Nazi Germany.  Choose one and explain how violence was used in this regime.

  6. Read the section called “The Road to Global War” (pages 721-726) and discuss one factor that led to this war.

  7. Choose one of the sub-sections in the section called : The German Onslaught, War Expands: Pacific and Beyond, The War Against Civilians, Societies at War, From Resistance to Allied Victory, or An Uneasy Postwar Settlement.  Summarize it and explain what you learned about WWII from this section.

  8.  If you like, you could consider one of the following questions in your reflection: How do the survivors of the Guernica attack describe the assault?  How does Picasso portray it in his painting?  Why do you think these tactics were so alarming to people at this time?

  9.  Choose one major event that led to the “Cold War” and explain how it created rift between the US and the USSR.

  10.  Provide one example of how decolonization intersected with the Cold War conflict between the US and the USSR.

  11.   Discuss one example of how WWII and the Cold War shaped post-war culture.

  12. What does Beauvoir mean when she describes women as the “Other”?  How do the women interviewed by Friedan describe their daily lives?  Do these two documents share any similar themes?

  13. The Making of the West called “Protesting Cold War Conditions” .  Why was 1968 a “Year of Crisis”?

  14. The last section of the chapter, “The Testing of Superpower Domination and the End of the Cold War,” explains that both the US (or the “Western Bloc”) and the Soviet Union (or the “Soviet Bloc”) faced challenges in the 1980s.  We will start with the ‘Western Bloc” (the U.S., Britain, West Germany, France, Sweden, etc).  What challenges did the “West” face?  Next, we will examine the challenges facing the “Soviet Bloc” (the Soviet Union, Poland, Hungary, East Germany, etc.).  What challenges did these countries face?

  15.   Each sub-section explores a challenges to the concept of the “nation-state”: “Europe Looks Beyond the Nation State,” “Globalizing Cities and Fragmenting Nations,” and “Global Organizations.”  Choose one example and discuss how it threatens the “nation-state” as an institution.

  16.  “An Interconnected World’s New Challenges,”.  Choose one example of a challenge and explain how the “West” is trying to face it.

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